Robert Erickson

composer

Born in Marquette, Michigan on March 7, 1917, Erickson learned piano and violin as a child, studied composition with May Strong in Chicago, and with Ernst Krenek at Hamline University in St. Paul, graduating in 1943. After three years in the Army he returned to Hamline, taking an M.A. in music in 1947, and immediately began distinguished careers as both a composer and a teacher of composition.

A dedicated Modernist, Erickson was one of the first American composers to explore the "twelve-tone" system pioneered by the Austrian composer Arnold Schoenberg. By 1943 he had already modified that method to suit his own needs, and by the late 1950s he was evolving a more directly expressive, intuitive music in which, in his words, "craft, thought, and intuition are so merged that it is all one thing."

For many years he experimented with specially-made percussion instruments, with extended vocal and instrumental techniques, with naturally occurring sounds, and with non-standard musical notation.

He was one of the first American composers to work extensively with sounds recorded on tape, both for its own sake and as combined with live performers on conventional instruments; and he wrote distinguished music requiring improvisation, by both solo instruments and ensembles. In later years he moved away from the pioneering experiments of the 1960s and '70s toward a simpler, ultimately stripped-down style, characterized by frequent drones, long slow passages, and hypnotic rhythms which were influential on a number of younger "minimalist" composers.

Erickson composed for virtually every medium except opera, and was performed and commissioned by the Minneapolis, San Francisco, Oakland, and Los Angeles Symphony Orchestras, the American Composers Orchestra, and such celebrated ensembles as the Arch Ensemble, Continuum, the Kronos Quartet, and SONOR. He received fellowships from the Ford Foundation and the Guggenheim Foundation and awards from the National Endowment for the Arts, the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters, and, in 1985, the Friedheim Award for chamber music for his string quartet Solstice, performed at the Kennedy Center.

He taught at the College of St. Catherine's in St. Paul, the University of California at Berkeley, and the San Francisco Conservatory of Music, before becoming one of the founders of the Department of Music at the University of California, San Diego, in 1967. He also served as Music Director of KPFA Radio in Berkeley from 1955 to 1957 and as a director of the Pacific Foundation, KPFA's parent body, for several years thereafter. He was the teacher of Paul Dresher, Pauline Oliveros, Terry Riley, Loren Rush, Charles Shere, and Morton Subotnick, among others.

Erickson published two books: The Structure of Music: A Listener's Guide in 1957 and Sound Structures in Music in 1975. Many of his compositions were recorded, and he was the subject of two biographies, by John MacKay and Charles Shere, both of which appeared in 1996.

Music for Trumpet, Strings, and Tympani, Erickson's last composition written in 1990, was premiered at UCSD in November 1991 by trumpeter Edwin Harkins and the contemporary music ensemble, SONOR. For the last fifteen years of his life Erickson was confined to his Encinitas home, bedridden with polymyositis, and was unable to attend the premiere.

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Performances

Jordan Hall at New England Conservatory | November 14, 2008
Jordan Hall at New England Conservatory | February 22, 2008

News and Press

[CD Review] Fanfare reviews BMOP's Release, Erickson: Auroras (New World)
In Fanfare (31:2), I reviewed a Naxos release of chamber music by Robert Erickson (1917-1997), a California-based avant-garde composer and respected teacher. I found the music on that disc uncompelling, with the glowing exception of a late work for piano and chamber ensemble, Recent Impressions. In it, Erickson’s obsessions with sonority, Asian music, Schoenbergian Klangfarbenmelodie, and Cage-like purity came together to produce something quite individual.
Fanfare Full review
[Concert Review] New looks at old images
Gil Rose and the Boston Modern Orchestra Project present, more often than not, anthologized programming: one-night overviews of a single tradition, composer, or genre. Such concerts can veer toward stylistic diffusion, but Friday’s collection of string-instrument concertos presented the opposite danger - a surfeit of similarity.
The Boston Globe Full review
[Press Release] BMOP premieres composer retrospectives series with a homage concert to composer Robert Erickson
The Boston Modern Orchestra Project (BMOP) presents a free, evening length concert in honor of American composer Robert Erickson (1917-1997). As part of BMOP's new Composer Retrospectives series, this special event features a cornucopia of Erickson's works ranging from his piece Auroras (1994) for full symphony orchestra to the lesser known Night Music (1978). Other program highlights include: Fantasy for cello and orchestra (1954) with Rafael Popper-Keizer; and East of the Beach (1980).
Full release